The ADCR 2011: Poverty Dynamics In Yemen As A Reprensetative Arab LDC.
Socio-economic development in Arab LDCs has been shaped in the context of the political economy of rentier states and a delayed demographic transition.
The tribal identity that defines these countries has been reinforced and mal-formed through patron-client relationships promoted by states using revenues from resource-based activities to accentuate tribal differences. Thus undermining a rule and merit based system for making decisions about the use of public assets and policy choices thus breaking traditional symbiotic relationships amongst different population groups, and rendering public investments ineffective, by using them as tools in the patron-client relationship. Private investment is also discouraged due to poor enforcement of contracts.