Our Perspective Articles

      • Building a better future for Syrians in Turkey

        23 May 2016

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        Syrian Kurdish refugees cross into Turkey from Syria, near the town of Kobani. The war that erupted in Syria in 2011 has propelled it into becoming the world’s single largest driver of displacement. Photo: I. Prickett/UNHCR

        In this blog series leading up to the World Humanitarian Summit, UNDP experts and practitioners share their experiences and views on responding to conflict and disasters. As thousands leave Syria for safer lands, images of white tents and perilous boat journeys have flooded the world’s media. But there’s another side to this story. In Turkey, the host of this week’s World Humanitarian Summit, only about 10 percent of the approximately 2.75 million displaced people from Syria live in refugee camps. The rest live in towns and cities like many of us. Across the country’s southeast, Syrians are silently trying to make a living and blend in. Imagine this: you have new neighbours that you would like to know, but the language barrier and customs make it difficult to reach out. Or you want to find short-term employment, but until recently obtaining a work permit was nearly impossible. These are real-life situations faced by hundreds of thousands of ordinary men and women. Syrians now represent more than 50 percent of the population of Kilis and 22.5 percent of the population of Gaziantep. Over the last five years, more than 150,000 babies of Syrian parents displaced by the conflict were born in Turkey. As the crisis on the  Read More

      • Somalia Diaries: “We came to teach, but instead learned so much”

        04 May 2016

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        Image copyright: UN Photo / Tobin Jones

        Bilan Awdal Organization from Somaliland is one of the three winners of the OFID-UNDP Cross Regional Grants Competition. In December 2015, they committed to transforming the lives of people in the Baki District of Somaliland by implementing a water solution. In the context of the sever drought that hit the region recently, their work became essential to the survival of their community. Yet their road to success hasn’t been without its challenges. Below, Suad Osman, one of the five members of the team, tells their story. Nov 7th, 2015 Things have been difficult. Yet our hardships are temporary considering the grave struggles of many in this region. Where we are staying, winter used to be the only dry season. Nowadays, the climate has changed so drastically that the dry season seems to last forever: it only rains four months per year and some years even less. The community we are visiting has seen its share of problems brought on by climate change. The farmers went from living in productive, self-sustained communities to being poor and desperate. A lot of young adults have run away to cities in search of better lives where a majority of them end up homeless. People tell  Read More

      • In Egypt, Poor People Get Free Legal Aid

        17 Mar 2016

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        UNDP/Dylan Lowthian Description: A Legal Aid Office Specialist providing assistance to a woman who came seeking legal advice at the legal aid office in Cairo, Egypt.

        Every year about one million cases are filed in Family Courts across the country to seek justice on issues that range from domestic violence and custody disputes to alimony and inheritance litigation. Close to 80 percent are filed by women. Since 2008, UNDP has worked with the Ministry of Justice to provide free legal advice to poor people to resolve legal disputes and overcome bureaucratic barriers. To-date, 35 Legal Aid Offices have been opened in ten governorates. They handle all such family cases that do not require the hiring of an attorney, which most poor and vulnerable people cannot afford. Today we met Marwa (not her real name), a young mother of two who has come to the Legal Aid Office in the Heliopolis Family Court to seek help with custody over her children. She heard about free legal assistance through Facebook and is pleased to see that the team is friendly and ready to support her with her claim. Another woman came to file a case against her husband for violence and abuse. “Her case is typical of many vulnerable women, often poor and illiterate, who come here to seek help”, said Nesrine Hossam El-Din, the Legal Specialist at the  Read More

      • Since 1966, UNDP has worked for a more fair and prosperous world for all

        23 Feb 2016

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        Fifty years ago, one in every three people around the world was living in poverty.  It was against that backdrop that the United Nations Development Programme, UNDP, was founded in 1966.  Ever since, UNDP has been a leader in working for a more fair and prosperous world for all. We have worked with governments, civil society, the private sector, and philanthropy to empower people and build resilient nations. As UNDP begins its second half century, the numbers of people in poverty have decreased to around one in eight.  UNDP is proud to have worked with many partners committed to poverty eradication.  Indeed, for fifty years UNDP has been at the forefront of work to eradicate poverty, hunger and disease, create jobs and livelihoods, empower women, support recovery from disasters and other crises, protect the environment, and more.   Most of the work happens because of our dedicated staff and the thousands of organizations we partner with around the world who do the daily work of development.  I am proud to lead an organization that has transformed so many lives for the better, offering them opportunity, hope, and dignity. But there remains much work to do.  The world is not yet rid of poverty and hunger and a  Read More

      • Seizing the opportunities

        04 Feb 2016

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        Today, the United Kingdom, Germany, Kuwait and the United Nations jointly host a conference in London for supporting Syria and the region. Above all, the conference is an opportunity to raise funds to help the millions in Syria and the region whose lives have been shattered by the war in Syria. With the need for aid in Syria and the region now higher than even before, donors are being asked to give even more generously than before. And the London conference looks set to produce outstanding pledges, exceeding those at previous conferences for Syria, held in Kuwait in 2015 and 2014. This is welcome. But beyond the headline figures of financial pledges, the conference is also an important opportunity to transform the way that aid for Syrians and the region is provided. Great needs Nearly five years since the start of the uprising and conflict in Syria, its destructive impact continues to grow. Some 6.6 million Syrians have been displaced within the country. Around 4.3 million Syrians have fled abroad. Of these, most are living in Syria’s neighbors — some 2.5 million in Turkey, 1.1 million in Lebanon, 635,000 in Jordan, and 245,000 in Iraq. Their needs — housing, education, health  Read More

      • Managing the refuse of the refused

        03 Feb 2016

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        Looking at current waste management practices in the town of Elbeyli, Turkey. Photo: Alpert K. Doğan

        Imagine yourself as the mayor of a small border province in Southeastern Anatolia five years ago. It is a big day for you. After years of petitions, meetings, and a heavy financial burden you are about to open a sanitary landfill site to serve your community for at least 25 years. You and your team are proud to make a lasting contribution both to the community and environment. You are reading about the events in neighboring Syria but hopeful that the conflict will end soon. Your heart is with them, as you think maybe of the distant relatives of yours living in Aleppo. Then refugees begin to arrive. First in a trickle, then a flow. Camps are erected, and you do your best to fulfill basic needs and cooperate with relevant government offices. You feel a little bit tired, but satisfied knowing that you’re helping out a neighbour in need. Fast-forward four years: There hundreds of thousands of refugees now residing in your tiny city, some camps now accommodate over 30,000 people. Every day you receive more complaints about municipal services. Waste and litter is everywhere, your few vehicles are constantly on the road, personnel are overwhelmed, your new sanitary landfill  Read More

      • When home is no longer safe: Reporting human rights abuses in Yemen

        10 Dec 2015

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        UNDP is training NGOs in Yemen to document and report on human rights abuses during the conflict and to provide support to victims. Photo: Ehab Al-Absi/UNDP Yemen

        "So close to dying”. This is how Hanan describes what happened earlier this year, when forces surrounded and stormed her home in Khur Maksar District, Aden, where she lived with her husband, 4-year-old child and niece, aged 16. Later Hanan and her family fled their home due to shelling and because of gas, electricity and water shortages. In this sense, their suffering is typical of stories told by Yemenis throughout the country who describe human rights violations at the hands of the parties to the conflict, which began in March 2015 More than 2,600 civilians have been killed and more than 5,200 wounded since March, according to October figures from the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR). Many civilians fear for their lives on a daily basis. Some 2.3 million are internally displaced, and 170 000 have fled to Djibouti, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan and some Gulf countries. Many Yemenis I have spoken to are pinning their hopes on the UN brokered negotiations, which are due to commence on 15 December. One Yemeni activist told me yesterday: “We fear the worst if these negotiations do not succeed in reaching an agreement.” This year Human Rights Day has special  Read More

      • Ending violence against women: 3 ways to innovate

        07 Dec 2015

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        Egyptian women participate in the "Reporting on Violence Against Women Innovation Camp" to share ideas on how to report violence against women. The camp was supported by UNDP, The National Council for Women, and Vodafone Egypt. Photo: Ezzat/UNDP Egypt

        In this blog series, UNDP experts and practitioners share their experiences and views on innovation in development practice. The status quo is unacceptable. Globally, one out of three women experiences violence in her lifetime. Both the Sustainable Development Goals and the World Humanitarian Summit Report call for innovation to end this global pandemic. Given the complexity of gender-based violence (GBV) and its main underlying cause of persisting gender inequalities - how can development and humanitarian actors innovate? As a starter, let’s put the emphasis on the changes we want to achieve and not the “solutions” we create. A new way of addressing a problem or a new product is not per se innovative. Innovation is a novel approach that adds value to the very people affected by the problem. Innovation in this context is less about creative ideas than about formulating a solid hypothesis that can be tested. Start with the end There is not sufficient evidence on what works in preventing and mitigating gender-based violence in low-income countries and crisis contexts. To improve policies and programmes in the future, the design of GBV initiatives has to incorporate data and impact assessments, which require funding. Several organizations are addressing this evidence  Read More

      • Lengthening crisis calls for long-term vision

        06 Nov 2015

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        Senior officials from the governments of Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon and Turkey will gather at the Dead Sea in Jordan next week for the first Resilience Development Forum. Hosted by the Jordanian government and organized by the United Nations Development Program, the forum will bring together governments and representatives from donors, aid organizations, civil society and the private sector. The goal is ambitious and vital. It is to develop a shared vision for tackling the lengthening crisis of suffering, displacement and development reversal caused by the conflict in Syria. The conflict is now in its fifth year, with no end in sight. It has become entwined with conflict in Iraq, and it is threatening the stability and security of Jordan, Lebanon and Turkey. The human impact has been catastrophic. Some 12 million Syrians have fled their homes. Of these, nearly 8 million are living displaced within Syria, and more than 4 million are living in Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon and Turkey. Faced with the struggle of rebuilding their lives, growing numbers have made the decision to travel on to other countries, hundreds of thousands making perilous journeys across the Mediterranean to Europe. Response The task of providing aid in response to this crisis  Read More

      • Those who risk everything to find safety deserve a sense of security

        05 Nov 2015

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        A little boy looks on as Syrian refugees queue at the UN registration centre in Zahle, east of Beirut, Lebanon. Photo: UNDP Lebanon

        Earlier this year, I learned the story of a Syrian woman named Nour.* Nour, like many of those affected by the conflict in Syria, was forced to flee her home and take up residence in a neighboring country. But once there, Nour was involved in a serious accident in which another driver disobeyed traffic laws and crashed into her car. While Nour survived, her family was killed, and the heartache of having lost her home was now immensely compounded by losing her loved ones. Nour reported the incident to the police station and sought help from the authorities to bring those responsible for the accident to justice. But instead of being heard and assisted, Nour was met with resistance and was herself blamed for the wrongdoing. After all, she was the displaced, the refugee. The outsider. To date, Nour has yet to see those who killed her family held responsible. This is just one of the myriad of stories we are hearing from the people affected by the ongoing crisis in Syria. Millions have left their homes, livelihoods, and even families behind in search of safety, only to continue lacking effective protection wherever they find themselves. In some cases, the justice  Read More


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