3RP: Regional Refugee and Resilience Plan (2015 - 2016)
The conflict in Syria, which enters its fifth year in March 2015, has caused the largest displacement crisis of our time. There are now more than 3.2 million Syrian refugees, a number that is growing by 100,000 every month.
The scale and protracted nature of the crisis is challenging the ability of the international community to meet the continuing need for essential, life-saving humanitarian aid. It is now imperative that these humanitarian efforts are coupled with development oriented approach build the resilience of individuals, households, communities and institutions in affected countries.
The Regional Refugee and Resilience Plan (3RP) represents a strategic shift in the response to the Syria Crisis. It is an innovative approach that effectively. It is an innovative approach that effectively harnesses the capacities, knowledge and resources of humanitarian and development partners to create a durable and multi-faceted resilience-based response to the Syria crisis.
The 3RP is an evidence-based plan, drawing on existing assessments and vulnerability analysis, including:
- Refugee protection and humanitarian needs gaps
- Demographic vulnerability to various stresses of communities, people and households based on concentration of refugees
- Access to services especially for health, education, water and shelter
- Capacity related vulnerability of institutions, systems and infrastructure to degradation and failure based on stress.
The 3RP is a global first for the UN in the terms of its response to crises. It is an inclusive model for delivering an effective and coordinated response which addresses, through national plans, immediate vulnerabilities, strengthens social cohesion, and builds the resilience of people, communities and national systems. This model may be applicable in other complex and protracted crises, similar to the Syria crisis.
Planning process, programme strategy & partnership platform
The 3RP is a country driven, regionally coherent planning process. It draws together the national crisis response plans for humanitarian relief, resilience and stabilization in the ve most a‑ected neighbouring countries to Syria, namely, Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq, Turkey and Egypt, in a coordinated regional framework.
The 3RP is a programme strategy to respond to refugee protection and humanitarian needs, and strengthen the resilience of individuals, households, communities, and state institutions to cope with the impact of the Syria crisis on its immediate region.
The 3RP is a broad partnership platform for planning, advocacy, fundraising, information management and monitoring that brings together Syrian refugees; impacted communities in host countries and their governments; donors; and more than 150 national and international development and humanitarian actors in the respective countries.
The 3RP covers a two-year period, 2015-2016.
How the plans works
The 3RP is composed of country chapters developed under the leadership of national authorities with support from the UN and NGOs in each country. It draws together the Jordan Response Plan, which is also the Jordan chapter of the 3RP, the Lebanon Crisis Response Plan and country chapters in Turkey, Egypt and Iraq - including support to existing UN Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF) strategies - into a coherent regional strategy. Within these plans, needs, targets, approaches and resources are identified and implemented at country level to ensure alignment with national planning processes and frameworks. The 3RP has been specifically designed to provide a consistent regional strategy, reflecting the realities and strategies outlined in each national plan. As such, the existing differences in the composition and scope of national plans are readily accommodated in, and indeed are one of the strengths of, the regional framework.
Coordination at the country level will be determined by each country context and under the leadership of the national governments. Normally, sector working groups (SWGs), task forces, or their equivalents in each country, will continue to support planning, implementation, monitoring and reporting, and will ensure alignment with national planning and monitoring. Country-level working groups and task forces will gather evidence to inform planning, monitoring and reporting, in consultation with national counterparts and other stakeholders, including NGOs, the private sector and community-based organizations. UN Resident/Humanitarian Coordinators support national governments, in close coordination and partnership with the international community. UNHCR continues to guide the refugee response, while UNDP facilitates the coordination of the resilience component.
At the regional level, the coordination mechanisms for the 3RP are designed to ensure synergies in planning, monitoring and reporting to external stakeholders. This process is overseen by an inter-agency 3RP Regional Steering Committee. An expanded Regional Steering Committee, including representatives from the five refugee hosting governments, UN Regional Directors and the RC/HCs meets under the chairmanship of UNDP and UNHCR.
Two components in a single plan
To enhance response effectiveness, increase cost-efficiency of interventions and promote greater accountability and consistency in delivery, the 3RP process will produce a single planning, coordination, monitoring and evaluation framework at regional level, expanding on the successful “Refugee Response Plan - RRP” model.
The plan will have two components:
- Refugee women, girls, boys, and men fleeing the Syrian conflict have access to effective protection.
- Refugees and most vulnerable among the impacted population are provided with life-saving and immediate assistance, including in camps and host communities.
- The most vulnerable impacted communities benefit from immediate support to strengthen communal services to support community-based protection.
- Most vulnerable impacted households benefit from interventions that enhance their capacities and resources to cope with and recover from the crisis.
- Refugees and members of impacted communities have opportunities to progressively build self-reliance.
- The capacities of sub-national and national delivery systems are strengthened to meet the protection, assistance and social services needs of refugees and members of impacted communities.