UNDP’s work in conflict prevention is focused on supporting national and local institutions and leadership in their efforts to prevent violence (e.g. conflict prevention initiative building on women’s participation in Sudan), manage conflicts constructively (e.g. Inter-Faith Dialogue Initiative in Iraq), and engage peacefully in political transitions and rapid change processes (e.g. Support to Human Security in Eastern Sudan).
Rule of Law, Justice and Security
UNDP assists authorities in countries recovering from crisis to reduce armed violence and control small arms (e.g. Somalia and Sudan), establish basic security (e.g. Somali police training), and gain control of their recovery process through supporting responsive and accountable institutions (e.g. Access to Justice Project in the oPt), promoting inclusive political processes and fostering resilient state-society relations (e.g. Local Area Development Programme in Iraq).
Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Risk Management
In line with the strategic goals on Disaster Risk Reduction provided by the Hyogo Framework for Action, UNDP works to ensure countries protect their own development investments and are able to advance the Millennium Development Goals through preventing disasters and reducing recurrent losses (e.g. Lebanon, Jordan and Egypt).
Women in Conflict Prevention, Peace building and Recovery
UNDP works on enhancing women’s political, social and economic empowerment in armed conflict and disaster settings, and supports the implementation of the UN’s global policy agenda on Women, Peace and Security and UN Security Council Resolutions 1325, 1820 and 1888. In 2011, over 1000 victims of sexual and gender based violence received legal aid in Somalia to secure convictions through the UNDP supported Somaliland Women’s Law Association, up from 474 in the previous year.
Immediate Crisis Response
In natural disasters, civil conflict or protracted crises, UNDP provides support –through its country offices—in a way that is swift, organized and responsive to the specific needs of the affected country. In 2011, mass protests and popular demonstrations in several countries in the Middle East and North Africa triggered major regime changes and political transitions. Through its rapid response mechanism (SURGE), a range of experts were deployed and seed funding allocated to help UNDP Country Offices quickly develop recovery programmes and strengthen management and operational capacity in Libya, Tunisia and Yemen.
Livelihoods and Economic Recovery
UNDP works in conflict and disaster contexts on stabilizing livelihoods and promoting sustainable socio-economic recovery through income generation and emergency job creation (e.g. PAPP’ Deprived Families Economic Empowerment Programme); reintegration of former combatants (e.g., Sudan’s Recovery and Rehabilitation Programme), internally displaced persons and returning refugees (e.g. Somalia); and enhancing national capacities for the management of land mines, cluster munitions, other explosive remnants of war (e.g. Lebanon, Iraq, Egypt and Jordan’s Mine Action Programmes).
Disasters, violent conflict, and economic and climate-related turbulence continue to claim lives, destroy economies and livelihoods, and undermine development progress for millions of people. Crisis prevention, recovery and reducing the vulnerability of countries to catastrophe are cornerstones of UNDP’s work.
Based upon an extensive stocktaking of UNDP’s experience in crisis affected contexts, Governance for Peace: Securing the Social Contract provides insights on new approaches to governance promotion, analysis and programming adapted to the 21st century challenges of fragility.
Disasters cause human suffering, environmental and economic harm, and set back progress on eliminating poverty. If disaster risk isn’t well managed, the consequences are manifold. Disaster risk reduction is, therefore, an investment worth making by all countries. Every dollar spent reducing people’s vulnerability to disasters saves around seven dollars in economic losses.