The protracted nature of the Syria crisis and its impact on development in the sub-region has galvanized an international consensus on the need for a comprehensive approach which focuses on integrating development and humanitarian efforts under the strong leadership of host governments. Our Sub-Regional Response Facility has developed a resilience-based development response to improve sub-regional coordination, enhance cost-effectiveness, and harmonize a comprehensive, multi-country response under the leadership of the governments of Syria’s neighbours– Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq, and Egypt, which all together, accommodate 99 per cent of the 5.6 million refugees resulting from the crisis.


Co-leadership of the Regional Refugee and Resilience Plan (3RP) and custodian of the Resilience Component

In 2015, the Facility, in partnership with UNHCR, was successful in bringing about a major strategic shift in the aid architecture for the Syria crisis with the 2015-2016 Regional Refugee and Resilience Plan (3RP), by integrating a resilience component with the humanitarian component. Through the 3RP, UNDP and UNCHR have pioneered an innovative model for delivering a comprehensive and coordinated crisis response which addresses immediate vulnerabilities, strengthens social cohesion, and builds the resilience of people, communities and institutional systems. The 3RP is now in its third year of implementation. Read more  

Research, knowledge generation and policy discussion

The SRF works on research, filling knowledge gaps and policy discussions in a number of key thematic areas ranging from: livelihoods and expanding economic opportunities for refugees and host community members, localization, innovation in the response to the crisis, the role of sub-national and local implementing partners, the state of resilience programming in response to the crisis, and the humanitarian and development nexus.

Innovation and Private Sector Engagement

The facility acts as a hub to test and scale-up creative and innovative practices to the crisis that are ground-breaking, cost-effective and time-efficient. Through the Innovation 4 Crisis Learning Event, that brought together more than 100 stakeholders from across the region and the Compendium on Good and Innovative Practices in the Regional Response to the Syria and Iraq Crisis– Volume 1 and 2 – the SRF is leading the way in collecting and examining data on innovative programmatic tools being implemented by UN and NGO partners in response to the Syria Crisis

Country Office Support and Engagement

The Facility aims to enhance UNDP’s overall response in countries affected by the Syrian refugee crisis in the sub-region: Syria, Lebanon, Turkey, Jordan, Iraq, and Egypt. The Facility acts as a think-tank and knowledge hub to test and scale-up innovative development solutions, and advocacy, outreach and resources mobilization efforts, in support of UN Resident/Humanitarian Coordinators, UN Country Teams and UNDP Country Offices.

The Facility has succeeded in bridging the gap between humanitarian assistance and sustainable human development through introducing the resilience-based development approach and ensuring a common regional response to the crisis, hence helping build an infrastructure for peace.

The SRF supports UNDP Country offices in the sub-region through joint strategic planning, programming, public outreach, resource mobilization, advisory services and connecting the offices with technical advisors through regional policy fora. Furthermore, through research, information management, the development of tools and positioning papers, the SRF assists Country Office’s in identifying policies and best practices for implementing stabilization related strategies and interventions.

UNHCR-UNDP Joint Secretariat

To respond to the complex and protracted nature of the Syrian crisis, the UNHCR-UNDP Joint Secretariat was first established in 2014 to consolidate cooperation between UNHCR and UNDP and to draw on the comparative advantages of their humanitarian and development tools in order to address the wide range of needs of both refugees and host countries affected by the protracted Syrian crisis.

By integrating a humanitarian and development response to the crisis, the Joint Secretariat acts as a think tank, advocacy center and a knowledge platform providing support, policy advice and analytical and programmatic tools to Country Offices and partners in the sub-region.

In addition, the JS co-chairs the Regional Refugee and Resilience Plan (3RP), a nationally-led, regionally coherent framework which covers Turkey, Egypt, Lebanon, Jordan and Iraq.

The JS is tasked with:

1. Addressing knowledge gaps through research and analysis of the Syria Crisis

The JS is engaged in multiple research studies to fill knowledge gaps concerning the Syria crisis. We focus on analyzing, and reporting on adaptive and innovative practices in the regional response to the Syria crisis in the Compendium on Good and Innovative Practices. In addition, our research spans topics including: localization, social protection, and how to improve livelihoods and economic opportunities for Syrian refugees and host communities.

2. Exercising joint leadership for the Regional Refugee and Resilience Plan (3RP)

In addition to co-chairing the 3RP, the JS plays a leading role in coordination mechanisms for the 3RP planning and implementation, specifically improved monitoring and evaluation, reporting and financial tracking. Read more  

3. Providing knowledge, programme and coordination support to Country Offices and partners in the sub-region

Building on the different knowledge hubs and 3RP network base, the JS brings new programming tools and enhanced technical and coordination support to country offices and partners in context of the integrated response.


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