The conflict in Syria has placed an enormous toll on economic and human development within Syria.
The Syrian economy faces widespread de-industrialization and large-scale capital divestment. The unemployment rate skyrocketed to 48.8 percent in 2013, affecting the welfare of over 10 million people. The Syria’s Human Development Index is estimated to have rolled back 35 years because of deteriorating health, education and incomes.
The Regional Refugee and Resilience Plan (3RP) brings together the plans developed under the leadership of national authorities - namely, the Arab Republic of Egypt, the Republic of Iraq, the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, the Lebanese Republic, and the Republic of Turkey – to ensure protection, humanitarian assistance and strengthen resilience. This Regional Strategic overview is a summary of the programme priorities and resource requirements of nearly 200 partners responding to the Syrian crisis in support of government priorities.
The number of people living in Lebanon has increased by 30 per cent compared to 2011 - including 1.2 million Syrians registered in Lebanon as refugees by UNHCR, 42,000 Palestine refugees from Syria (PRS) joining 270,000 Palestine Refugees in Lebanon (PRL), at least 20,000 Lebanese Returnees from Syria and many displaced Syrians present but unregistered1. The number of poor living in Lebanon has also risen by nearly two thirds since 2011, to 2.1 million2, largely accounted for by the arrival of poor aspects and in partnership with other key Government institutions and humanitarian and stabilization partners.
As the four year old conflict in Syria drags on, Syrian refugees continue to flow into neighbouring countries with over 230,000 persons registered with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) in Iraq as of November 2014. Of these, 64 per cent are women and children with specific protection needs and over 22 per cent young males who are out of school and mostly without work. Since the beginning of the crisis, UNHCR has worked closely with the Government of Iraq (GoI) and the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) to coordinate the humanitarian response with sister UN Agencies and more than sixty organizations engaged in the provision of protection and assistance, basic shelter, core relief items, access to basic services and the implementation of specific protection interventions across all sectors for the benefit of the refugees.