Since the beginning of 2014, UNDP scaled up its early recovery and resilience interventions targeting 12 highly affected governorates in Syria. Relying on its area-based approach in planning and programming, UNDP is currently implementing 47 recovery, resilience and livelihoods projects. Until July 2014, a total of 1,527,977 crisis affected people all over Syria benefitted from UNDP’s support.
To respond to the increasing socio-economic challenges, UNDP scaled up its early recovery and resilience interventions in 2014 taking into consideration basic needs prioritized by local communities in affected areas including both IDPs and host communities. Given the protracted nature of the crisis, host communities have overstretched their resources and residents are competing over services, resources and community infrastructure
This paper supports the operationalisation of a resilience-based development approach to dealing with the Syrian refugee crisis by exploring how stakeholders understand the current challenges and approach vulnerability and criteria that could inform the targeting and prioritisation of resilience-based development efforts. While the resilience-based approach is not limited to a particular context, the focus of the paper primarily on Lebanon and Jordan, which respectively host 38% and 23% of refugees in the sub-region.
Lebanon is characterized by a fragile political stability, a deficient economic situation and structural regional imbalances prior to the Syrian conflict and the arrival of Syrian refugees. As a result, the impact of the Syrian crisis exacerbates the deficiencies of the country in general and the already difficult living conditions of host communities.
In collaboration with the Lebanese authorities, UN agencies, NGOs and international donors, UNDP is implementing a comprehensive programme to support Lebanese communities hosting Syrians and Palestinian refugees from Syria.